The Chapora Fort was built by the Portuguese in 1617 on the site of an older structure built during a time when Goa was one of the prized possessions of a Muslim kingdom. This fort is a part of a string of defensive structures the Portuguese built to defend their territory from the chronic threats of the Marathas, the Bahamani Kingdom, and local chieftains with great territorial ambitions.
Constructed to serve as a lookout post, the Chapora Fort was not always in the hands of the Portuguese. In the very century that it was constructed, it fell into the hands of Hindu raiders. Nearly 80 years after it was constructed, the Portuguese surrendered to Sambhaji, the son of Chattrapati Shivaji. The Portuguese retook possession of the Chapora Fort soon after the withdrawal of the Marathas in 1817. The fort was then rebuilt and changes included the addition of two defensive tunnels.
The Marathas later recaptured the fort for about two years before it again came into the possession of the Portuguese, who finally abandoned it in 1892. The fort offers breathtaking views of the Anjuna and Vagator beaches.